What is Pink Eye (conjunctivitis) and how to treat it

What types of Pink eye are there and how do they look

A general summary

Severe eye conditions can lead to redness of the eye. These symptoms can lead to eye soreness, a perception that something is trapped in your eye (external feeling of your body), blurred vision and or inability to withstand bright lights. If these signs arise, look for immediate help.

Pink eye (conjunctivitis) is a transparent membrane (conjunctive) inflammation or infection that lines the eyelid and covers the white portion of the eyeball. When tiny blood vessels become inflamed in the conjunctive, they become more evident. That’s what makes the white part of the eye look reddish or pink.

A bacterial or viral infection, an allergic reaction, or — in babies — a tear duct which is not fully opened are common causes of the pink eye.

While a rose eye can be distracting, your vision never changes. Treatments will relieve the pink eye’s pain. Owing to the infectious aspect of pink eye, early diagnosis and treatment will help control its diffusion.

Symptoms: Symptoms

The main symptoms of conjunctivitis or Pink Eye are:

  • Either or both eyes redness
  • Rash or itching in ether of the eyes
  • Unusual discomfort sensation in ether of the eyes
  • A flush that forms a night crust in one or both eyes that may prevent you from properly opening your eye or eyes in the morning
  • Rupture

When is an online doctor appointment in order

Persons wearing contact lenses must avoid using contacts when symptoms of conjunctivitis or Pink Eye arise.

If you don’t begin to improve your symptoms within 12-24 hours, make sure that you don’t develop a more extreme eye infection associated with using contact lenses.

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What are common triggers of a Pink eye?

  • Viral infection
  • Bacterial infection
  • Allergic reaction
  • Chemical exposure to any part of the eye
  • Particles of any foreign material in the eye
  • A blocked tear canal in newborns

Viral vs bacterial conjunctivitis

Many pink-eye cases may normally be caused by adenovirus but also by herpes simplex, varicella-zoster and a number of other viruses like the 2019 coronavirus virus (COVID-19).

In conjunction with colds or the symptoms of respiratory infection, both viral and bacterial conjunctivitis may occur. The use of contact lenses that are not properly cleaned or are not yours can lead to bacterial conjunctivitis.

Both are extremely infectious. They are distributed through direct or indirect contact with the fluid draining from the eye of an infected person. It can affect one or both eyes.

Conjunctivitis due to an Allergic reaction

Allergic conjunctivitis is a reaction to an allergic agent such as pollen that affects both eyes. Your body produces an antibody called immunoglobulin E in reaction to allergens (IgE).

This antibody induces special cells known as mast cells to release inflammatory substances like histamines in the mucous lining of your eyes and airways. Histamine releases from your body can cause many signs and symptoms of allergy, including red or pink eyes.

You can experience severe scratching, tearing, eye inflamms and sneezing and watery nasal fluctuations if you have allergic conjunctivitis. The majority of allergic conjunctivitis with allergic eye drops can be managed.

Irritation-related conjunctivitis

Conjunctivitis is often associated with discomfort from a chemical splash or foreign object in your eye. The flush and clean of the eye in it of itself may often leads to redness and discomfort throughout the process of removing the chemical or any other material form the eye. Symptoms and signs that may include watery eyes and mucus, usually clear up in around one day.

If the symptoms are not healed with the first flushing, or if the chemistry is caustic such as lye, the doctor or eye specialist must search for you as soon as possible. Durable eye damage can occur with a chemical slashing into the eye. Persistent signs can also mean you have an external body in your eye — or even a scrape on the cornea or the eyeball’s covering (sclera).

What kind of Risk does Pink Eye pose

conjunctivitis risk factors include:

  • Presence of allergen
  • Presence of anyone already suffering from conjunctivitis
  • Extended wear contact lenses


Conjunctivitis has a tendency to inflame the cornea in both children and adults. This tendency may impair vision if left untreated. Your doctor’s timely examination and treatment of your eye pain will minimize your risk of complications by a feeling that something is caught in your eye (sensation of the outside), boring vision, or light sensitivity.

How to Prevent conjunctivitis

Preventing others from catching Pink Eye

To monitor the transmission of the pink eye, practice good hygiene. Examples of good hygiene are:

  • With your hands, don’t touch your eyes.
  • Clean hands sometimes. Wash hands often.
  • Using a smooth towel and a rag every day.
  • Don’t partake in washcloths or towels.
  • Change your bags regularly.
  • Throw away cosmetics like mascara from your eye.
  • Do not share cosmetics for the skin or personal eye care products.

Be mindful that pink eyes are not more infectious than the normal cold. When you can’t take the time off, you’re safe to go back to work, school or childcare – just keep consistent with good hygiene.

How to prevent Conjunctivitis in Babies

Bacteria usually present in the mother’s birth channel are sensitive to newborn eyes. The mother does not have signs of these bacteria. In rare cases, bacteria such as these may cause children to develop a severe form of conjunctivitis called neonator ophthalmia, which is treated without delay to protect their vision. So, soon after birth, every newborn eye receives an antibiotic ointment. The salt helps prevent inflammation of the eye.

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